The Mental Health of Older Adults in the Densely Populated Areas of Tacna Region-Peru, 2021: Implications of the COVID-19 Information

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dc.contributor.author Cachicatari-Vargas, Elena es_ES
dc.contributor.author Mutter Cuellar, Karimen Jetzabel es_ES
dc.contributor.author Condori Chipana, Wender Florencio es_ES
dc.contributor.author Miranda Socasaire, Flor de Maria es_ES
dc.contributor.author Acevedo-Duque, Ángel es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2022-11-24T21:27:51Z
dc.date.available 2022-11-24T21:27:51Z
dc.date.issued 2022-09-12
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13053/7244
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this research was to analyze the implications of exposure to various news channels that broadcast information on COVID-19 and their impact on the mental health of older adults in the sparsely populated area of the Tacna Region during the year 2021. The present study used a descriptive correlational type of quantitative approach on a sample of 389 older adults aged 60 years and over, who were recruited by non-probabilistic convenience sampling. For the application of the survey technique, the instrument used was a questionnaire modified by the authors. In terms of research ethics for the development of the study, the respondents provided informed consent, and other ethical considerations were addressed. In relation to sociodemographic variables of mental health, it was found that women had a greater incidence of anxiety (p < 0.01) and that people with fewer years of study had a greater incidence of depression (p < 0.01) and anxiety in sparsely populated areas. Exposure to news through television was associated with depression, and news obtained from other people was associated with depression (p < 0.001). An association was also found between the number of hours of television news and stress (p < 0.05), and radio news was associated with anxiety (p < 0.05). In terms of psychological consequences, the highest mean for television exposure was fear, while the greatest psychological consequence of radio news was fear, followed by stress and awareness. Finally, negative, inverse, and significant relationships were found that indicate protective factors, such as depression with awareness and indignation, and anxiety was inversely related to awareness. es_ES
dc.format application/pdf es_ES
dc.language.iso eng es_ES
dc.publisher MDPI es_ES
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess es_ES
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ es_ES
dc.subject COVID-19; exposition; mental health; older adults. es_ES
dc.title The Mental Health of Older Adults in the Densely Populated Areas of Tacna Region-Peru, 2021: Implications of the COVID-19 Information es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es_ES
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191811470 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.publisher.country CH es_ES
dc.subject.ocde http://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.00 es_ES


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